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The Indian nettle is a perennial that enchants every gardener with its appearance. This is why some Indian nettle varieties and everything about location and care are presented.The Indian nettle owes its name to an Indian tribe
The Indian nettle (Monarda didyma), also called golden lemon balm, is a wonderful summer bloomer. The foliage already has a bewitching, peppermint scent in spring that attracts flocks of butterflies, but also bees. This is also the reason why the plant is often referred to as bee balm or horse mint. The real reason for the naming is that the plant was once planted by an Indian tribe exclusively for the preparation of tea.
You can now buy the most popular varieties of Indian nettle in any garden store. Find out how these are planted and cared for here.
Various varieties of Indian nettle presented
Depending on the variety, the Indian nettle, which grows up to 80 centimeters high, is now available in garden shops with differently colored flowers. Here you can find:
- Fire crest - red blossom
- Mahogany - light red flower
- Cambridge Scarlet - scarlet flower
- Prairie brandy - salmon red flower
- Beauty of Cobham - light pink flower
- Croftway Pink - pink flower
- Aquarius - blue-violet flower
- Scorpio - purplish purple flower
- Snow cloud / Snow White - white flower
- Storm cloud - dark pink flower
- Dwarf Indian nettle - pink-purple flower
The right choice of location for the Indian nettleThe Indian nettle is an extremely bee-friendly perennial. The hardy Indian nettle loves a full sun, but also copes well with a light shade. Furthermore, you should plant the Indian nettle in a nutrient-rich, peat-rich soil that has sufficient moisture, but does not form waterlogging.
Before planting, you should enrich the soil well with compost, because that makes the Indian nettle much easier to grow.
Caring for Indian nettle properly
From the end of June to September, the Indian nettle tirelessly lights its blossom fireworks every year. However, you need to keep the plant moist throughout - especially during long periods of drought.
If you remove withered flowers immediately, you can promote flower formation and significantly increase the number of flowers again.
Pruning and wintering:
In autumn you have to cut the Indian nettle completely and protect it with a bit of brushwood over the winter in the first few years. From the age of four, the perennial can then be classified as fully hardy.
Plants that have been growing for several years can be shared with a spade in the spring and thus reproduced.
Prevent snail infestation:
Furthermore, the Indian nettle is often haunted by snails in spring, from which you must protect them. You can find tips on this in our article Preventing snails - 3 tips.
You also have to make sure that powdery mildew does not infect the Indian nettle, as this will cause it to die. However, if you discover powdery mildew at an early stage, you can usually save the perennial with an appropriate fungicide.