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In a large garden there is always the possibility to create a compost heap. This is not that difficult if you prepare everything well.Compost should not be stored for more than a year -
Having your own compost heap is something really fine. Why? Because it offers several advantages! If you put kitchen and garden waste in the compost, you not only get a good fertilizer, you also no longer have to pay as much garbage fees. In addition, a compost heap is created in no time. You can e.g. just build a pile or build a wooden composter. Alternatively, you can also opt for a so-called thermal composter. These offer even more advantages than normal compost. You can find out which these are in our article Thermocomposter: Overview of the advantages of rapid composters.
If you have now decided on a compost, you cannot simply create it. There are a few things you need to consider. For example, the location is very important and the stratification of the compost heap.
Tips on how to set up a compost heap correctly
Tip 1 - the location:
First of all, you should look for a suitable place in the garden that is not protected from the wind, because if the pile cannot ventilate, putrefaction can occur very quickly. It is also important that the compost heap is not permanently in the sun. So it's best to choose a partially shaded spot. If, on the other hand, it is a thermal composter, then it must even stand in the blazing sun.
Never place the compost pile on concrete slabs or a similarly solid surface, because the destructors (decomposers) then have no way of getting into the pile. In addition, waterlogging would form, which in turn would lead to putrefaction.
If you want to avoid trouble with your neighbors, choose your location wisely. After all, a compost heap can smell strongly. So keep enough distance to your neighbour's house.
Tip 2 - Correctly layer compost heaps:
It is enough if you simply put the compost on the ground. So you don't necessarily have to put a box around. It is only important that you layer the compost correctly.
➤ 1st layer:
The bottom layer of the compost heap should always start with coarse material. Chopped branches, twigs and hedge trimmings are very suitable for this, because this creates oxygen for the destructors on the ground.
➤ 2nd layer:
The second layer should then be made of denser material in order to offer a better contact surface. Garden and kitchen waste are best suited for this.
➤ 3rd layer:
The third layer should then best consist of mature compost. So if you already have a compost heap, add some of the old compost, because it already contains the microorganisms and microorganisms that start the decomposition. Alternatively, you can also apply garden soil as a third layer.
➤ Subsequent shifts:
The layers should then always be repeated in the order just described.
Tip 3 - always keep compost moist:
You must always keep the compost moist. To test whether it is moist enough, just hold a little in your hand. If a ball can be formed from it, it is moist enough. If not, then you need to moisten the compost heap a little.
Tip 4 - Implement compost regularly:
In order to get usable compost soil as quickly as possible, you have to implement the compost at regular intervals. Even once a year is compulsory, because compost should not be stored for more than a year. It is best to put the compost in February, because then you can use the freshly harvested soil in spring to sow plants, vegetables and fruit.